Robert Sapolsky of Stanford says, “Because youth are all about building their brains, you can multiply what you know about how stress affects the adult brain by 10-fold when talking about youth ages 10 to 20.”   Then, for at least 50% of teens add the trauma that results from family adversity, and couple it with a lack of coping and stress-management skills and habits – and a lack of adult support – – and you have the basic ingredients of massive vulnerability.  If you know anything about the CDC’s Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study, you know that without proper intervention, the immediate and long-term outcomes are dire.